The top 25 English adjectives translated into French

The Oxford English Corpus (of the Oxford English Dictionary) tracks lemmas or base words (eg. “talk” includes “talk”, “talked”, “talking””, etc.) and their frequency of usage in the English language. Below, I have taken the top 25 adjectives and translated them into French.

Please bear in mind that in some cases there is no direct translation for an English word. I have tried my best to include what I think is the most appropriate translation in this case. I welcome feedback!

English

French

1

good

m bon [bɔ̃], f bonne [bɔn]

2

new

1) m nouveau [nuvo], m nouvel [nuvɛl] (in front of silent h and vowel sounds), f nouvelle [nuvɛl], mpl nouveaux [nuvo]

2) m neuf [nœf], f neuve [nœv]

3

first

m premier [pʀəmje], f première [pʀəmjɛʀ]

4

last

m dernier [dɛʀnje], f dernière [dɛʀnjɛʀ]

5

long

m long [lɔ̃], f longue [lɔ̃g]

6

great

1) (informal: great, brilliant) m genial [ʒenjal], mpl geniaux [ʒenjo], f géniale [ʒenjal]

2) (great, large, big, etc.) m grand [gʀɑ̃], f grande [gʀɑ̃d]

7

little

m petit [p(ə)ti ], f petite [p(ə)tit]

8

own

propre [pʀɔpʀ]

9

other

autre [otʀ]

10

old

m vieux [vjø], m viel [vjɛj] (in front of silent h and vowel sounds), f vielle [vjɛj], mpl vieux [vjø]

11

right

m droit [dʀwɑ], f droite [dʀwɑt]

12

big

1) (great, large, big, etc.) m grand [gʀɑ̃], f grande [gʀɑ̃d].

2) (big, thick, fat) m gros [gʀo], f grosse [gʀos].

13

high

m haut [‘o], f haute [‘ot]

14

different

m différent [difeʀɑ̃], f différente [difeʀɑ̃t]

15

small

m petit [p(ə)ti], f petite [p(ə)tit]

16

large

1) (great, large, big, etc.) m grand [gʀɑ̃], f grande [gʀɑ̃d]

2) (big, thick, fat) m gros [gʀo], f grosse [gʀos].

17

next

m prochain [pʀɔʃɛ̃], f prochaine [pʀɔʃɛn]

18

early

1) (arrive early, early morning, etc.) tôt [to]

2) (early years, settlers, etc.) m premier [pʀəmje], f première [pʀəmjɛʀ]

19

young

jeune [ʒœn]

20

important

m important [ɛ̃pɔʀtɑ̃], f importante [ɛ̃pɔʀtɑ̃t]

21

few

1) (not alot) pas beacoup [pa boku]

2) (a few) quelques [kɛlkə]

3) (bit of) peu de [pø də]

22

public

m public [pyblik], f publique [pyblik]

23

bad

mal [mal], mpl maux [mo]

24

same

même [mɛm]

25

able

capable [kapabl]

able is commonly translated using synonyms such as capable, can, and competent.

Enjoy!